Gibraltar Offshore Company Formation
Gibraltar Non-Resident Company (IBC)
Overview of a Gibraltar Company
Gibraltar’s “offshore” International Business Company (IBC) equivalent, referred to as a Gibraltar Non-Resident Company, is an international investment and tax-planning vehicle. These international instruments are much the same as typical, local Gibraltar companies. As such, the government in Gibraltar never generally describes their country as being a conventional offshore environment. Due to their relations with the EU, they distance themselves from the negative associations commonly had by traditional offshore financial centres.
Gibraltar Companies Act
Gibraltar has a long-standing international offshore financial history that goes back to the passing of Gibraltar’s Companies Ordinance in 1967. Modelled after the UK Companies Act 1929, the offshore Gibraltar company law has been remodelled to suit the jurisdiction’s unique environment.
Of Gibraltar’s four different offshore companies, the Non-Resident Company is, by far and away, their most popular offshore financial product.
A Non-Resident Company has many potential applications that include anything from international trading to e-Commerce—its multifaceted capability gives individuals and corporations great flexibility. A Gibraltar company may be one of four types:
- A Gibraltar ltd company, limited by shares
- A Gibraltar ltd company, limited by guarantee (having share capital)
- A Gibraltar ltd company, limited by guarantee (without share capital)
- A Gibraltar unlimited company
Of the many reasons to form an international company offshore, easing a company’s tax burden always remains high on the list. Gibraltar’s Non-Resident Companies are not only exempt from paying any local taxes, but also enjoy secure asset protection provisions and flexible corporate structuring that allows for single individual ownership.
These are just some of the main reasons that make Gibraltar’s Non-Resident Company a formidable choice in the world of international finance.
Key Corporate Features of a Gibraltar Company Incorporation
|Gibraltar Non-Resident Company||Corporate Details|
|Type of Entity||Non-Resident Company|
|Type of Law||English Common Law with local statues|
|Governed by||Gibraltar Companies Ordinance 1967|
|Registered Office in Gibraltar
|Shelf company availability||Yes|
|Our time to establish a new company||5 – 10 business days|
|Minimum government fees (excludes taxation)||GBP 200|
|Access to Double Taxation Treaties||No|
|Share capital or equivalent|
|Standard currency||Gibraltar Pound and British Pound (£)
(GIP 1 = GBP/£ 1)
|Minimum paid up||GBP 1|
|Usual authorized||GBP 2,000|
|Bearer shares allowed||Yes|
|No par value shares allowed||Yes|
|Publicly accessible records||Yes|
|Location of meetings||Anywhere, except Gibraltar|
|Corporate directorship allowed||Yes|
|Publicly accessible records||Yes|
|Corporate shareholder allowed||Yes|
|Location of meetings||Anywhere, except Gibraltar|
|Local or qualified||Yes|
|Requirements to prepare||Yes|
|Audit requirements||Yes (but exceptions for small companies)|
|Requirements to file accounts||Yes|
|Publicly accessible accounts||No|
|Recurring Government Costs|
|Minimum Annual Tax / License Fee||GBP 45|
|Annual Return Filing Fee||GBP 20|
|Requirement to file annual return||Yes|
|Migration of domicile permitted||Yes|
Advantages & Top Uses of a Gibraltar Non-Resident Company
- Reasonable yearly rates
- Name of company may be in any language
- Legislation and offshore finance sector goes back to 1967
- Gibraltar has a long history of financial and offshore products
- Financial and accounting records are not made public
- Nominee service availability
- Single ownership of Non-Resident company is possible
- English Common Law system
- Modern infrastructure
- Strong secure asset protection
- English speaking country
- Holding Company
- International trade
- Property Holding
- International investing
- Holding of vehicles, ships or other forms of transportation
Gibraltar Company Registration Requirements
To form a Gibraltar Non-Resident Company, a client must get the approval of the company name from the Registry and must submit:
- Company Memorandum
- Articles of Association
- Statement proving a Registered Office
- Authorised Share Capital
- Declaration of Compliance
- Appropriate fee to the Gibraltar Companies Registry
Gibraltar Tax on a Non-Resident Company
A Gibraltar Non-Resident Company does not have to pay any local taxes, if it does not conduct any business activities within the country.
Non-Resident Companies are exempt from paying any taxes, including but not limited to:
- Capital gains tax
- Wealth tax
- Sales tax or value added tax
- Income tax
Setting up a Company in Gibraltar: Corporate Details
Anonymity, Confidentiality and Disclosure
A Gibraltar based Non-Resident Company’s details of the beneficial owner, Directors, and Shareholders are publically available and are disclosed to the Corporate Registry. However, nominee services are readily available to protect the identity of those who whish to remain anonymous. Financial accounts, though they must be filed, are not readily made available to the public.
A Gibraltar Non-Resident Company has a minimum required capital of GBP 1. The usual authorized amount is GBP 2,000 for the minimum capital duty payable upon incorporation. Capital duty over GBP 2,000 is at 0.5%.
A Gibraltar Non-Resident Company is required to have one Director. The Director may be of any nationality and may be a corporate entity.
A local qualified Secretary, either an individual person or a company is required for all Non-Resident Companies.
Company Meetings are not requited and may be held anywhere in the world except Gibraltar.
Principal Corporate Legislation
The Gibraltar Companies Ordinance (1967) is based off of the UK Companies Act 1929 and the Companies Ordinance 1984
Type of Law
English Common Law
There must be a minimum of one, which may be an individual or a corporate entity of any nationality. Shareholders name and details are publically available though nominee services are available for enhanced privacy. The Company Register holds a public registry of all the company’s shareholders.
There are no exchange control or currency restrictions in Gibraltar.
Powers of the Company
A Gibraltar Non-Resident Company has all of the same rights and powers as a natural person
Language of legislation and Corporate Documents
Registered Office required
A local registered office is required for all Gibraltar Non-Resident Companies. A company must keep a copy of its Registry of shareholders and directors in its registered local office.
A local qualified individual or company Secretary and a local registered office are required for all Gibraltar Non-Resident Companies.
Financial Statements Required
All Gibraltar Non-Resident Company’s must prepare, maintain, and file appropriate accounting records. If a company qualifies as a “small company” then it may file an abridged balance sheet, and there is no need to file a profit and loss account, nor an auditors report.
To qualify as a small company, two of the three requirements, below, need be met:
- Net Annual turnover under GBP 6.5 million
- Total Balance Sheet below GBP 3.26 million
- Number of employees should not exceed 50
All Gibraltar Non-Resident Company’s must file audited accounts, except for a company that qualifies as a “small company” (see above).
An annual return must be filed to the Register of Companies in Gibraltar. The first return is required to be filed within the first 15 months, and every year thereafter.
Shelf Companies available
A shelf company is available for a Gibraltar Non-Resident Company
Time required to form offshore company
5-10 days are needed to form an offshore company in Gibraltar
A Non-Resident Company must not use a name that is identical or similar to an already existing company or any name that is considered offensive by the Registry, or any name that suggests patronage of the royal family, local government or English government, or any name that may be seen as being linked to the banking of finance industry.
Language of Name
The name of the company may be in a language that uses the Latin alphabet, but must include an English translation.
Names of Company requiring a special licence or permission
A Non-Resident Company requires that a special licence or consent be given if business has a name that includes the word: bank, building society, insurance, assurance, reinsurance, fund management, asset management, investment fund, trust, trustees, municipal, Chamber of Commerce, or co-operative.
A Gibraltar Non-Resident Company can not trade or conduct any business activities within the country including banking, deposit taking, insurance, assurance, reinsurance, fund management, asset management or any other finance related activity.
Permitted limited liability suffixes
Limited or its abbreviation “ltd.”
Access to Double Tax Treaties
Gibraltar has not signed any Double Tax Treaties.
Gibraltar Non-Resident (IBC) Offshore Company Formations
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